The National Green Hydrogen Mission

One of the goals that countries all over the world have set for 2050 is to reduce the  planet’s overall carbon footprint. In order to accomplish this, one of the keys is to  decarbonize the production of an element such as hydrogen, which will result in the  production of green hydrogen. This is one of the keys because hydrogen production is  currently responsible for more than 2% of the total CO2 emissions on the planet. There is some cheering information about The National Green Hydrogen Mission for you if your company generates or makes use of  environmentally friendly fuels. 

The Union Cabinet gave its approval for the National Green Hydrogen Mission to have  an initial budget of Rs 19,744 crore. 

Exactly what does this brand-new initiative entail? 

The race is on to secure future energy sources as the globe hunts for clean, convenient,  and reliable alternatives to fossil fuels. Solar and wind energy have advanced, but their  intermittent nature remains a challenge. For decades, nuclear energy has been  expensive. Electric vehicles are becoming more popular, but they still lack the ease of  gasoline or diesel. 

In his speech to the nation on the occasion of India’s 75th Independence Day in 2021,  Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a national mission for green fuels. This was  done because the Center’s goal is for India to be energy independent before the 100th  anniversary of the country’s independence. 

The mission will have four subcomponents, each of which will aim to either increase the  amount of green hydrogen made in the United States or encourage the production of  electrolysis, which are an important part of making green hydrogen. 

Even though there have been a lot of advancements made in the Green Hydrogen  Technology, there are still a lot of obstacles to overcome in order to increase the use  and adoption of Green Hydrogen technology. As a result, an approach in the manner of  a mission, such as the Green Hydrogen Mission, is an encouraging step. 

What are the benefits of Green Hydrogen? 

Electrolysis is a chemical process that is used in the production of hydrogen, which is a  fuel that is universal, light, and highly reactive. This technology is based on the  electrolysis process. In order to separate the hydrogen from the oxygen found in water,  this technique makes use of an electrical current. If we are able to obtain this electricity from renewable sources, we will be able to generate energy without contributing to the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. 

∙ Green hydrogen is completely safe for the environment because it doesn’t make  any harmful waste products when it’s made or burned. 

∙ Hydrogen is easy to store, which means that it can be used in the future for many  different things and at many different times, including those that aren’t right after  it is made. 

∙ Green hydrogen has the potential to be converted into electricity or synthetic  gas, both of which can then be put to use in commercial, industrial, or  transportation settings. 

What is the National Green Hydrogen Mission? 

It is a program that will encourage commercial production of green hydrogen and  turn India into a net exporter of the fuel. This will be accomplished through the use of  financial incentives. The mission will assist in the development of a demand for green  hydrogen as well as its production, utilization, and export. 

The following is our mission’s goal: 

∙ The goal is to increase the amount of renewable energy capacity in India to  approximately 125 gigawatts (GW) by the year 2030, in addition to developing a  green hydrogen production capacity of at least 5 million metric tonnes (MMT) per year. 

∙ It is anticipated that it will result in the creation of six lakh new jobs and involve  total investments of more than Rs 8 lakh crores. 

∙ It will also result in a cumulative reduction in fossil fuel imports of more than Rs 1  lakh crore and a reduction of nearly 50 MT of annual greenhouse gas emissions.  Both of these outcomes will be brought about as a result of this action. 

Challenges of the National Green Hydrogen Mission

∙ The production of hydrogen via electrolysis involves a significant expenditure of  resources due to the high level of energy required in the process. Electrolyzers  that utilize cutting-edge technology are utilized in the process. Electrolyzers are  relatively pricey pieces of equipment that use electricity to separate water into its  component parts, hydrogen and oxygen. As a consequence of this, the cost of  producing green hydrogen is quite high. 

∙ The consumption of a substantial amount of energy for both the production of  hydrogen in general and green hydrogen production in particular requires a  significant amount of energy.

∙ Concerns relating to safety considering that hydrogen is a highly reactive and  combustible element, extensive safety precautions are essential in order to forestall the occurrence of leaks and explosions.

Numerous Private Investments Coming In 

Large corporations such as Reliance Industries and the Adani Group have recently begun making  significant investments in the development of green hydrogen. In its announcement of a large  investment plan totaling $20 billion to be made within the next 5-7 years, Reliance stated that the  company will not only manufacture green hydrogen but also develop facilities to make electrolysers. 

Indian Oil Corporation, which is one of the country’s leading sellers of transportation fuel, recently made  an announcement that it intends to construct a green hydrogen plant at its Mathura refinery, which is  located in Uttar Pradesh. Both GAIL and NTPC, which is India’s state-owned power company, have  ambitions to construct India’s largest green hydrogen plant. 

Adani Group’s renewable energy firm Adani Green Energy is based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. One of the  world’s largest solar photovoltaic facilities, Kamuthi Solar Power Project, is owned and operated by the  firm. Renewable biogas is thermally reformed into green hydrogen by the company. Adani Green Energy  signed a $5 billion green hydrogen project with Total Energies SE in June 2022. A 4GW solar and wind  farm will power the company’s 2GW hydrogen electrolyzer facility. By 2030, 30GWs of clean power will  produce 1 million tonnes of green hydrogen. 

Hydrogen is predicted to disrupt the carbon-intensive industrial sector and drive India’s energy  revolution. It will help India reach net zero. The government’s renewable energy plan aims to make the  country energy-independent and decarbonize its major sectors. The plan will decarbonize industrial,  mobility, and energy sectors, enhance indigenous manufacturing capabilities, create jobs, and develop  cutting-edge technologies.