Climate change poses a grave threat to India’s development and security. Rising temperatures, unpredictable monsoon rains, floods, severe drought, and natural disasters are wreaking havoc across the country. The effects of climate change are projected to worsen in the coming decades if emissions of greenhouse gases continue unchecked. While India contributes only 6-7% of global emissions currently, its share will increase as it industrializes further to pull millions out of poverty.
However, India can lead the way in developing innovative solutions to combat climate change. One such solution is creating an effective carbon market that would put a price on carbon and minimize expensive emissions while aiding the industry. A carbon market would provide financial incentives for industries to shift to clean technologies and help India transition to greener growth. It could also generate funds for adaptation measures to cope with the effects of climate change that are already upon us.

Carbon Credits

Carbon credits are essentially permits that allow businesses to emit a certain amount of greenhouse gases. Each credit represents one metric ton of CO2 equivalent emissions that have been avoided, reduced, or removed from the atmosphere. These credits are created by projects that reduce emissions, such as renewable energy projects or energy efficiency initiatives.
The process of trading carbon credits can be complex, involving the verification and certification of projects, the issuance of credits, and the monitoring of emissions. However, carbon credits can be a valuable tool for incentivizing emission reductions and promoting sustainable development, and they have become an important part of the global effort to address climate change.
The modification to India’s legislation on the topic that went into effect on August 8, 2022, made it illegal to export carbon credits. This move was necessitated by the increasing temperatures worldwide, which have had a detrimental impact on our planet. Under the new legislation, one metric ton of greenhouse gases can be released into the atmosphere in exchange for one unit of carbon credits. Corporations that contribute to pollution are often given credits to reduce their emissions, and these credits can be sold if not utilized.
However, companies in India will be violating the law if they attempt to export carbon credits before the country achieves its climate targets. India aims to cut carbon emissions by 1 BT by 2030 and aims to achieve net-zero emissions by 2070. Until these targets are met, exporting carbon credits is deemed illegal. The government plans to achieve its objective of being a net exporter of energy by increasing the proportion of renewable energy to 50% by the end of this decade, up from the current level of 42%.

A cost-effective approach to dealing with the effects of Climate Change

The government’s objectives in transitioning to renewable energy sources are a crucial part of its promise to reduce the negative effects of climate change. The domestic carbon market can assist in achieving these objectives. Businesses in India will be better equipped to deal with carbon taxes in foreign markets, thanks to a new law that has been passed. Carbon markets are the most cost-effective approach to reducing emissions, and they offer India the greatest hope of avoiding an economic loss of $350 billion over the next fifty years due to the consequences of climate change that are left unchecked. However, it is worth noting that there are some potential drawbacks to carbon markets, such as the negative impact on coal-based power generating capacity and Coal India’s expansion plans.

Carbon credits have the potential to be of tremendous aid to developing nations like India as they ensure that economic activities are carried out while taking carbon-related objectives into account. The introduction of a new carbon market in India is expected to increase the overall size of the carbon credit market worldwide. Companies with a high carbon footprint, a renewable energy industry, and low-cost alternative suppliers are predicted to receive significant benefits from the new legislation.

Future of Carbon Credits

While India has experimented with carbon trading at a small scale so far, a fully functional national carbon market could play a transformative role. It could generate huge investments in renewable energy, low-carbon manufacturing processes, and public transport systems. Revenues from carbon credits could fund projects in agriculture, water management, and health to build resilience against climate change impacts. An efficient carbon market aligned with India’s own development priorities could become a model for other developing countries to follow. India has an opportunity to become a leader in tackling the biggest challenge of our times – climate change.

An important step taken by the Indian government to develop a robust carbon market that could be crucial in that journey is the establishment of the Carbon Credit and Trading Scheme (CCTS) on June 28, 2023. India’s carbon and greenhouse gas emissions will be henceforth governed by the CCTS. The CCTS was partially motivated by the European Union’s unilateral carbon taxes (CBAM) on its trade partners. The CCTS has two main objectives: reducing emissions and aiding the industry. India is expected to have competitive emissions levels, and the government has set targets to reduce emissions in areas where it is expected to be competitive. Beginning with end-use products aimed specifically at the consumer market may be beneficial in achieving these goals.

In conclusion, the Indian government’s efforts to explain the application of the limitation for firms are designed to prevent a blanket approach to the policy that regulates carbon credit across all industries. The government hopes that by clarifying the application of the limitation, it can avoid challenges that have arisen from previous policies in the sector. The Surat Municipal Corporation’s recent initiative to generate renewable energy by using sewage gas is a promising step forward in India’s efforts to promote the transition to renewable energy sources. The use of carbon credits is a promising approach to incentivize businesses to reduce their carbon footprint. The shift to renewable energy sources, such as the use of sewage gas to generate power, is also an important step towards reducing emissions and promoting sustainable development.

About E-Ride Mobility Solutions

E-ride, an electric vehicle manufacturing company, has its headquarters located in Hyderabad, Telangana. The company’s customer-centric approach and customized solutions have set them apart from its competitors in the market. E-ride has established itself as a leader in revolutionizing the electric vehicle industry by prioritizing innovation, research, and development. The company’s remarkable fusion of technology and creativity has made it a true pioneer in the EV industry.

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